◄ back to all posts

Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Written by Lance Roberts | Jan 30, 2021
Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21PRINTER FRIENDLY VERSION

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


In this issue of “Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street.”

  • Retail Investors Stage Riot
  • Market Takes A Hit
  • Greed Breaks Things
  • Portfolio Positioning
  • #MacroView: 2021 – A Disappointment Of Growth And Disinflation
  • Sector & Market Analysis
  • 401k Plan Manager

Follow Us On: Twitter, Facebook, Linked-In, Sound Cloud, Seeking Alpha


RIA Advisors Can Now Manage Your 401k Plan

Too many choices? Unsure of what funds to select? Need a strategy to protect your retirement plan from a market downturn? 

RIA Advisors can now manage your 401k plan for you. It’s quick, simple, and transparent. In just a few minutes, we can get you in the “right lane” for retirement.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Catch Up On What You Missed Last Week

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


Retail Investors Stage A Riot On WallStreet

For years, Wall Street has taken advantage of retail investors.

In 2000, they dumped companies with no earnings or revenue on unsuspecting individuals, eventually costing them their retirements. In 2008, it was outright mortgage fraud. From 2009 to the present, Wall Street has used algorithms, high-frequency trading, and user data purchases to front-run “the little guy” by scalping them for profits.

Interestingly, this past week, retail investors hit back. Just as individuals used social media platforms to organize protests and riots across the country, traders used websites like “Reddit” to organize a successful short-squeeze on Wall Street hedge funds. That short-squeeze, which forces hedge funds who were short stocks to cover the positions, has sent a handful of stocks to the moon. Notably, Gamestop, a retail store that is on its way to bankruptcy, has been the movement’s poster child.

If you happened to be visiting Mars over the last few days, here is what I am talking about.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

That chart is what a “short-squeeze” looks like when those short a stock have to “buy to cover” at the prevailing market price. It hasn’t been pretty, and the “Wall Street Bets” Reddit group took credit earlier this week for forcing Melvin Capital, a hedge fund short Gamestop, to get a $2.7 billion bailout from its hedgefund friends.

From that moment, it didn’t take long for Wall Street to show its true colors by locking retail investors out of being able to buy Gamestop. Robinhood and others all restricted trading in the stock, which resulted in immediate class action lawsuits.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

The Margin Problem

While Robinhood, and other brokers, took a lot of heat for restricting trading in shares of the most heavily shorted names, there was a reason – collateral requirements.

Without getting into all of the minutiae of capital requirements and margin accounts, the simple fact is that the NSCC is required, by SEC rules tracing back to Dodd-Frank, to make sure there is always cash to settle.

Depending on the net of buys and sells, the brokerage (like Robinhood) is on the hook to pay or receive the trading’s net cash. That is simply credit risk. The NSCC takes on that credit risk. To mitigate the risk of a brokerage failure, they demand firms post a deposit of 10% of the collateral.

Here is where the problem comes in. When firms are already heavily on margin (currently at a record level of negative cash balances), sharp changes in the underlying collateral value can lead to immediate demands for more deposits from the brokers.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

On Thursday, Robinhood had to raise nearly $1 billion in capital to secure the ability to cover collateral requirements. We also saw margin requirements being adjusted by the DTCC.

Of course, the risk to the markets is that with brokerage firms already running too lean, if a firm like Robinhood failed, the ripple effect through the financial industry would likely rival that seen during the Lehman bankruptcy in 2008.

Such are likely reasons the markets sold off this past week.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Strange Bedfellows

As I stated at the beginning, it is about time Wall Street got a little bit of what they have been dishing out on Americans for years. It won’t take long for Wall Street to “circle their wagons” and protect themselves, but maybe this is just the warning shot they needed to make some changes. However, I highly doubt it.

It is interesting, though, that Robinhood’s actions, which may just put them out of business, have also united an unexpected group of individuals. Who would have ever thought that Ted Cruz would agree on anything with A. O. Cortez?

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Even Mark Cuban, who benefitted greatly from Wall Street making him a billionaire, weighed in.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

The mania is likely to get far worse before it ends. Such is particularly true if Citadel Securities, the hedge fund that pays Robinhood for user data to front-run trades, reloaded their short positions before making Robinhood shutter access.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Nonetheless, the “Wall Street Bets” clan are undeterred at this moment and are doubling down on their “bets.”

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

At least for now.

How Does This All End

The real question is what eventually happens. In Gamestop’s case, the company is effectively a “dead man” walking retailer. So, the only reason anyone is buying the stock is simply due to the short-squeeze conditions that currently exist. As of this writing, the percentage of shares “short” is 122%. (That isn’t a typo.)

The problem comes when the “Wall Street Bets” traders eventually do want to sell. Those traders are “paper rich,” however, to convert their shares back into cash, they have to sell. The question will be WHO will they sell to?

Such is where market dynamics come into play. As stated in “No Cash On The Sidelines:”

Every transaction in the market requires both a buyer and a seller, with the only differentiating factor being at what PRICE the transaction occurs.”

Think about a crowded theatre. At the moment, everyone is going into the theatre (buying), and no one is selling. However, when they begin to try and sell their positions, no one will be there to buy from them.

Such is the equivalent of yelling “fire.” The smart ones will get out early. The rest will find themselves scrambling towards a very narrow exit. Once the price starts falling, the sellers will swamp the buyers driving the price lower. In Gamestops case, given the company’s value is around $10, where it was trading before the mania, the decline will be both brutal and fast.

While Wall Street is the villain, this is one of those stories where the villain gets away with the crime in the end.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Markets Take A Hit

Last week, we discussed that our “money flow” signals were close to triggering, suggesting either a short-term correction of 3.-5% or an extended consolidation. (We publish a daily 3-minute video click here to subscribe)

Let me repeat that point from last week:

Important Note: A correction can take on one of two forms. The market either declines in price to alleviate the overbought condition, or it can consolidate sideways.” 

Such remains the case currently, as on Wednesday, the market declined by almost 3% in one day. That swift sell-off did trigger our money flow “sell signal,” as the volatility index spiked higher.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

While the market did bounce on Thursday, it was a “suckers rally.” That bounce led to a retest of the 50-dma on Friday. Money flows have continued to weaken, suggesting there remains underlying selling pressure in the market currently.

While I fully expect a reflexive rally next week, that will likely be an opportunity to reduce risk rather than chasing markets. Such will be the case until we see money flows start to turn positive again, suggesting some underlying buying pressure.

For now, we are maintaining our higher level of cash. After selling last Friday, we have the luxury to be patient and look for opportunities to add to our core equity holdings at cheaper prices.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Greed Breaks Things

My colleague Doug Kass penned an excellent piece on Thursday discussing market conditions:

“‘If there is one common theme to the vast range of the world’s financial crises, it is that excessive debt accumulation, whether by the government, banks, corporations, or consumers, often poses greater systemic risks than it seems during a boom.’ – Carmen Reinhart 

A grotesque level of speculation has taken us to where we are now. With a good perspective on history, we can have a better understanding of the past and present — and thus a clear vision of the future. 

Like previous speculative cycles, this is about greed and trying to make money. Attempts to make trading seem like ideological notions and high minded intentions are fanciful to me. Such makes my point that mishappened levels of speculation usually occur in the later stage of a Bull Market and, more often than not, presage a Bear Market. 

Speculation, as noted yesterday, is the outgrowth of undisciplined monetary policy.”

He is correct. The rampant speculation in the market is prolific, as shown in the charts below.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

As Doug notes, speculation is the direct result of the “Moral Hazard” created by the Fed’s ongoing monetary interventions.

After a decade of injecting liquidity into the financial markets, it is no surprise that investors “believe” they have an “insurance” policy against loss. As noted in the linked article, such is the very definition of moral hazard. Every time the market “wiggles,” the Fed has expanded their monetary interventions.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

However, at some point, the Fed may become trapped by the own policies. If the direct stimulus does cause an inflationary surge, the Fed may get forced to cut QE and increase rates.

The last time they tried that was in 2018.

It didn’t go well.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

Portfolio Positioning Update

As I discussed last week, we had positioned for a correction. Again, as noted above, I am NOT saying the markets are about to crash. Here is what we said last week:

“However, after the recent runup from November, all of our indicators are beginning to align. Such suggests a 3-7% correction over the next month. Could it be 10% or more? Absolutely. Once the correction begins, we can garner a better understanding of the downside risk.”

In our view, the management of risk will pay dividends over time, even at the expense of short-term gains. Therefore, while the correction from Wednesday was short-lived, at least for the moment, the risk is still present heading into February.

Therefore, let me repeat the “rules” from last week:

  1. Tighten up stop-loss levels to current support levels for each position.
  2. Hedge portfolios against major market declines.
  3. Take profits in positions that have been big winners
  4. Sell laggards and losers
  5. Raise cash and rebalance portfolios to target weightings.

Notice, nothing in there says, “sell everything and go to cash.”

The Problem Of Overpaying For Value

The current environment has become so richly priced there is little opportunity for investors to extract additional gains from risk-based investments.

There is one true axiom of the market, which investors always tend to forget.

“Investors buy the most at the top, and the least at the bottom.”

If you feel you must chase the markets currently, then do it with a set of guidelines to follow if things turn against you. We printed these rules a couple of weeks ago but felt there are worth mentioning again.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

While we remain optimistic about the markets currently, we are also taking precautionary steps to tighten up stops, add non-correlated assets, raise some cash, and look to hedge risk opportunistically.

Just because it isn’t raining right now doesn’t mean it won’t.

Nobody has ever gotten hurt by keeping an umbrella handy.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


The MacroView

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

If you need help or have questions, we are always glad to help. Just email me.

See You Next Week

By Lance Roberts, CIO


Market & Sector Analysis

Analysis & Stock Screens Exclusively For RIAPro Members


Discover All You Are Missing At RIAPRO.NET

This is what our RIAPRO.NET subscribers are reading right now! Risk-Free For 30-Day Trial.

  • Sector & Market Analysis
  • Technical Gauge
  • Fear/Greed Positioning Gauge
  • Sector Rotation Analysis (Risk/Reward Ranges)
  • Stock Screens (Growth, Value, Technical)
  • Client Portfolio Updates
  • Live 401k Plan Manager

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


THE REAL 401k PLAN MANAGER

A Conservative Strategy For Long-Term Investors


Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21 Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21

If you need help after reading the alert, do not hesitate to contact me.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


Model performance is a two-asset model of stocks and bonds relative to the weighting changes made each week in the newsletter. Such is strictly for informational and educational purposes only, and one should not rely on it for any reason. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Use at your own risk and peril.  

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


401k Plan Manager Live Model

As an RIA PRO subscriber (You get your first 30-days free), you can access our live 401k plan manager.

Compare your current 401k allocation to our recommendation for your company-specific plan and our 401k model allocation.

You can also track performance, estimate future values based on your savings and expected returns, and dig down into your sector and market allocations.

If you would like to offer our service to your employees at a deeply discounted corporate rate, please contact me.

Investors Riot Wall Street, Retail Investors Stage Riot Against Wall Street 01-29-21


Talk with an Advisor & Planner Today!

lance_sig

Lance Roberts is a Chief Portfolio Strategist/Economist for RIA Advisors. He is also the host of “The Lance Roberts Podcast” and Chief Editor of the “Real Investment Advice” website and author of “Real Investment Daily” blog and “Real Investment Report“. Follow Lance on Facebook, Twitter, Linked-In and YouTube
Customer Relationship Summary (Form CRS)

2021/01/30
◄ back to all posts

Retirement