Tag Archives: BMW

Quick Take: The Great “Tesla” Hysteria Of 2020

“Let us see how high we can fly before the sun melts the wax in our wings.” – E. O. Wilson

Since January 1, 2020, Tesla’s (TSLA) stock price has risen by $462 or 110%. TSLA’s market cap now exceeds every automaker except for Toyota. In fact, it exceeds not only the combined value of the “big three” automakers GM, Ford, and Chrysler/Fiat, but also companies like Charles Schwab, Target, Deere, Eli Lily, and Marriot to name a few large companies.

Seem crazy? Not as crazy as what comes next. Crazy are the expectations of Catherine Wood of ARK Invest. This well-known “disruptive innovation” based investor put out the following chart showing an expected price of $7,000 in 2024 with a $15,000 upside target.

Siren songs such as the one shown above encourage investors to chase the stock higher with reckless abandon, and maybe that is ARK’s intent. Given their large holding of TSLA, it certainly makes more sense than their price targets. Instead of taking her recommendations with blind faith, here are some statistics to illustrate what is required for TSLA to reach such lofty goals.

To start, let’s compare TSLA to their peer group, the auto industry. The chart below shows that TSLA has the second largest market cap in the auto industry, only behind Toyota. Despite the market cap, its sales are the lowest in the industry and by a lot. According to figures published on their website, TSLA sold 367,500 cars in 2019. General Motors sold 2.9 million and Ford sold 2.4 million.

Clearly investors are betting on the future, so let’s put ARK’s forecast into context.  

If the TSLA share price were to rise to their baseline forecast of 7,000, the market cap would increase to $1.26 trillion. Currently, the auto industry, as shown above, and including TSLA, aggregates to $772 billion. At the upside scenario of 15,000, the market cap of TSLA ($2.7 trillion) would be almost four times the current market cap of the entire auto industry.  More stunning, it would be greater than the combined value of Apple and Microsoft.

Even if we make the ridiculous assumption that TSLA will be the world’s only automaker, a price of 15,000 still implies a valuation that is three to four times the current industry average based on price to sales and price to earnings. At 7,000, its valuation would be 1.6 times the industry average. Again, and we stress, that is if TSLA is the world’s only automaker.

Summary

Tesla is one of a few poster children for the latest surge in the current bull market. That said, it’s worth remembering some examples from the past. For instance, Qualcomm (QCOM) was a poster child for the tech boom in the late 1990s. Below is a chart comparing the final surge in QCOM (Q4 1999) to the last three months of trading for TSLA.

In the last quarter of 1999, QCOM’s price rose by 277%. TSLA is only up 181% in the last three months and may catch up to QCOM’s meteoric rise. However, if history is any guide, QCOM likely offers what a textbook example of a blow-off top is. By 2003 QCOM lost 90% of its value and would not recapture the 1999 highs for 15 years. 

Tesla may be the next great automaker and, in doing so, own a sizeable portion of market share. However, to have estimates as high as those proposed by ARK, they must be the only automaker and assume fantastic growth in the number of cars bought worldwide. Given their technology is replicable and given the enormous incentives for competitors, we not only find ARK’s wild forecast exceedingly optimistic, but we believe it is already trading near a best-case scenario level.

One final factor that ARK Invest also seems to have neglected is the risk of an economic downturn. Although they do highlight a “Bear Case” price target of $1,500, that too seems incoherent. Given that TSLA is still losing money and is also heavily indebted, an economic slowdown would raise the risk of their demise. In such an instance, TSLA would probably become the property of one of the major car companies for less than $50 per share.

TSLA’s stock may run higher. Its price is now a function of all the key speculative ingredients – momentum, greed, FOMO, and of course, short covering. The sky always seems to be the limit in the short run, but as Icarus found out, be careful aiming for the sun.

**As we published the article Tesla was up 20% on the day. The one day jump raised their market cap by an amount greater than the respective market caps of KIA, Hyundai, Nissan, and Fiat/Chrysler!!

Foreign Stocks And Funds Worth Considering

Foreign stock markets have underperformed U.S. stocks this year (if you exclude U.S. small caps). The MSCI ACWI ex-USA Index is down nearly 14% through December 18. But for the month of December, the trend has been changing, with U.S. indices dropping more than foreign indices. And that means it may be time to look at some foreign stocks.

First on the list are German automakers. They are under a lot of pressure from tariffs, slowing sales, which have arguably been boosted by easy credit over the past few years, and perhaps even competition from Tesla, which has brand cachet. Still, Daimler (DMLRY), BMW (BMWYY), Volkswagen (VWAGY), and Porsche (POAHY) look cheap. They all trade at single-digit P/E ratios and P/S ratios of 0.5 or less.

If you’re looking for additional confirmation, the Oakmark International fund (OAKIX) ,run by Morningstar’s International Equity Manager of the Decade in 2009 David Herro, has nearly than 8% of its assets in Daimler and BMW according to its September 30 portfolio. This fund has struggled mightily this year with a nearly 23% loss through December 18, but it has outpaced the MSCI ACWI ex-USA Index for the past 10- and 15-year periods with Herro at the helm for the entire time.

Another stock to consider is Rolls Royce (RYCEY). I don’t mean the auto maker here, which is actually a division of BMW these days, but the jet engine maker. Along with General Electric, Rolls is part of a duopoly in the wide-body commercial engine space. Nobody else makes engines for the largest commercial planes. Pratt and Whitney, for example, makes engines for medium-sized commercial planes. Rolls has had production trouble, and investors have been clamoring for the firm to spinoff or sell other divisions. The American Depository Receipts traded at around $20 per share a decade ago, and are now at around $10 per share. The stock trades at under 1x Price/Sales.

Investors should also check out French pharmaceutical company Sanofi (SAN). It’s the top holding of the Dodge & Cox International Stock fund. The firm markets drugs with an emphasis on oncology, immunology, and cardiovascular disease. It also happens to be one of Berkshire Hathaway’s (BRK.A) publicly traded holdings.

For emerging markets exposure, consider the iShares Emerging Markets Dividend ETF (DVYE). This fund doesn’t look like the typical emerging markets fund because its dividend emphasis leads it to hold stocks from different countries than other funds. For example, the MSCI Emerging Markets Index has 30% exposure to China and another 33% exposure to South Korea, Taiwan, and India. But the dividend ETF has nearly 30% exposure to Taiwan. China clocks in as the fourth highest represented country with its market soaking up less than 10% of the portfolio. One risk of this dividend ETF is that 16% of its assets are in Russia, which makes its shareholders likely partners with Vladimir Putin in those holdings. Nobody ever said emerging markets investing was easy, but at least investors in this fund are getting a 5.65% dividend yield and an average P/E ratio of less than 10 for their trouble.

(John Coumarianos has positions in DMLRY, BMWYY, VWAGY, RYCEY, OAKIX, and DVYE.)