- Yes, Something Broke
- More Than Just Rates
- This Time IS Different
- What To Expect Next Week
- Checklist Summary Of Actions To Take
- Sector & Market Analysis
- 401k Plan Manager
Yes, Something Broke
In this missive, we are just going to focus on the “WTF!” moment of this past week. In order to do this properly, I need to start with last week’s missive where we asked the question “Did Something Just Break?” In that article we addressed very specific concerns about interest rates and the problem they were going to cause.
“Speaking of rates, each time rates have climbed towards 3%, the market has stumbled.”
Chart updated through Friday.
“If you note in the chart above, a short-term ‘warning signal’ has been triggered which suggests that if rates remain above 3%, stocks are going to continue to struggle. The last time this occurred was in May when rates popped above 3%, stocks struggled and bonds outperformed.”
We also updated the pathway analysis for the highest probability outcomes over the next couple of months.
Chart updated through Friday – pathways remain unchanged
While the majority of the pathways accounted for a continued corrective, consolidation, process through the end of the year. It was Pathway #3 which came to fruition.
“Pathway #3: The issue of rising interest combines with a break in the economic data, or another credit-related event, and sends the market heading back to test supports at 2800 and 2750. This would likely coincide with a more severe contraction in the economic data which is not an immediate threat. Nonetheless, we should always consider the risk of an unexpected, exogenous, event. (10%)”
The recent sell-off coincides with the rising concerns of higher rates coupled with deterioration in economic growth heading into 2019. To wit:
“As such, our best initial take is that yesterday’s repricing of US growth was an overdue gut-check following last week’s monetary and oil supply shocks.”
In other words, as we have been repeatedly stating, the underlying economic growth story, outside of one-time events and natural disasters isn’t nearly as strong as reported. My friend, Danielle DiMartino-Booth, concurs with my assessment:
” Against that backdrop, it’s becoming clear that many companies are rushing to secure products and materials before prices rise regardless of current demand. You could say they are in panic-buying mode. The upside is that this behavior bolsters economic growth in the short term. The downside is that there is likely to be a nasty hangover. The noise in the economic data will be amplified by the rebuilding from Hurricane Florence. The estimates of the storm’s damage span from $20 billion to $50 billion.”
Of course, you can now add Hurricane Michael to the list. But don’t forget the current spat of economic growth this year was from the 3-massive Hurricanes in 2017.
But here is her conclusion:
“In the event you’re hoping the virtuosity of panic buying can become a permanent prop to the economy, you might want to rethink your thesis.
Rather, artificial, tariff-driven panic buying pumps up GDP growth in the short term but ensures it will disappoint in the future. Look for fourth quarter estimates to be revised upwards and then look out below into the first of the year. And no, the first-quarter disappointment will not be the seasonal anomaly many economists typically ascribe to economic growth in the first three months of the year. In other words, it could be that much worse.”
More Than Just Rates
But it isn’t just the rise in interest rates, and the threat of slowing economic growth, that is most concerning for the outlook of investors going forward. Both of those issues also translate into weaker earnings growth as well.
“As stated, the risk to current estimates remains higher rates, tighter monetary accommodation, and trade wars. More importantly, year over year comparisons is going to become markedly more troublesome even as expectations for the S&P 500 index continues to rise.”
“With the number of S&P 500 companies issuing negative EPS guidance is now the highest since 2016, it is only a function of time until we see forward estimates into 2019 begin to revised substantially lower.”
The issue of earnings, combined with higher rates, tariffs, and valuations, will likely continue to weigh on asset prices as we move into 2019.
The one bright spot going into the end of this year is that corporations have been in a “blackout” period for buying back their own shares heading into Q3-earnings reporting period.
“Given a large bulk of the surge in earnings was due to the “one-time” repatriation of overseas profits of $300 billion which flowed directly into share buybacks.”
By the beginning of November, that restriction will be lifted and the markets will likely get some support from an acceleration of buybacks headed into year end. However, as stated, that growth will become much more muted.
This Time IS Different
With the understanding the economic and fundamental background may not be supportive for higher asset prices heading into 2019, the market is also sending a very different technical signal as well. As I showed on Thursday, this is the FIRST time the market has broken the bullish trend line that began in 2016.
As shown below, that break of the bullish trend pulls in a new dynamic of potential market action over the next several months which is more akin to a market topping process than the continuation of the previous bullish trend.
“Given the short-term OVERSOLD condition of the market, we want to use rallies to rebalance risks in portfolios.
#1 – A rally back to the bullish trend line will be used to reduce risk (ie. raise cash) in portfolios by selling lagging positions and rebalancing risk in winning positions. Rule: sell losers and let winners run.
We fully expect an initial rally to fail as investors caught in the sell-off will be looking for an opportunity to sell. However, if that sell-off fails to hold support at the recent lows it will suggest a bigger corrective action is in process. We will be looking to reduce equity risk further, raise cash, evaluate portfolio allocation models.
#2– If the sell-off following a failed rally holds support at the recent lows, and turns up, such will suggest a rally back to either the January highs or all-time highs. NOTE: A rally back to all-time highs following a corrective pullback will again retest the underside of the bullish trend line from the 2016 lows. Such remains a ‘bearish’ backdrop from equity risk going into 2019 where economic and earnings data is expected to slow further. We will use any rally back to those levels to reduce risk as noted in #1.
#3– If the rally from the recent lows fails at the January highs we will again use that opportunity to reduce equity risk and rebalance portfolio allocations.”
Back in April of this year, I wrote 10-Reasons The Bull Market Ended In 2018. Primarily, that analysis was built around fundamental issues that would potentially plague markets going forward. With the failure of the markets this past week, along with the break of the bull trend, the bull market still has not yet resumed. More importantly, the current actions are consistent with both previous major market peaks as shown below. (Nominal new highs, declining momentum, and weekly MACD sell signal)
What To Expect Next Week
As shown in the chart below, the market was more than 4-standard deviations below its 50-dma on Friday. This is a very rare event and is an extreme oversold condition. However, along with the evidence above, also suggests the recent bull market trend is finished for the time being. Portfolio management processes should be switched from “buying dips” to “selling rallies” until the technical backdrop changes.
Next week, I would expect to see a rally from the short-term oversold conditions. The good news is that the market WAS ABLE TO CLOSE ABOVE THE 200-DMA on Friday which will keep buyers (algos) in play into next week. However, it will be the breadth and strength of that rally that will be important to watch.
If it is a weak, narrow bounce with little conviction, use the rally to lift positions, trim losers, raise cash and potentially look at initiating some hedges.
As I wrote last week:
“Our bigger concern remains interest rates simply for one reason – you can NOT have higher stock prices AND higher interest rates. Period. One or the other will have to give.”
We now know that was indeed the case.
Checklist Summary Of Actions To Take
As stated, it is highly unlikely the bull market will quickly resume without a further shakeout first. This doesn’t mean we can’t have some hellacious rallies in the meantime. However, the entire supportive structure of the market has now changed which suggests a very different set of actions need to be taken on rallies over the next several months.
Here is what we will specifically be doing on subsequent rallies.
- Re-evaluating overall portfolio exposures. It is highly likely that equity allocations have gotten out of tolerance from the original allocation models. We will also look to reduce overall allocation models from 60/40 to 50/50 or less.
- Look to add bond exposure to mitigate volatility risk. (Read: The Upcoming Bond Bull Market)
- Use rallies to raise cash as needed. (Cash is a risk-free portfolio hedge)
- Review all positions (Sell losers/trim winners)
- Look for opportunities in other markets (Gold may finally shine)
- Add hedges to portfolios (If the market begins to show a negative trend we will add short positions)
- Trade opportunistically (There are always rotations that can be taken advantage of)
- Drastically tighten up stop losses. (We had previously given stop losses a bit of leeway as long as the bull market trend was intact. Such is no longer the case.)
If I am right, the conservative stance and hedges in portfolios will protect capital in the short-term. The reduced volatility allows for a logical approach to further adjustments as the correction becomes more apparent. (The goal is not to be forced into a “panic selling” situation.)
If I am wrong, and the bull market resumes, we simply remove hedges, and reallocate equity exposure.
“There is little risk, in managing risk.”
The end of bull markets can only be verified well after the fact, but therein lies the biggest problem. Waiting for verification requires a greater destruction of capital than we are willing to endure.
“It’s probably wiser to assume [that God] exists because infinite damnation is much worse than a finite cost.” – Blaise Pascal
See you next week.
Industrials, Materials, Staples, Real Estate, and Financials all violated their 200-dma last week and failed to recover. Financials are particularly troubling given the decent fundamental backdrop for banks currently. Also, Real Estate finally woke up to the risk of rising rates. These sectors are now in “sell rallies” mode until there is a resumption of a more bullish trend. Basic Materials violated its April lows and all previous stop levels. This sector should be sold on any rally in the coming days.
Discretionary, Healthcare, Energy and Technology violated their 50-dma last week but held their 200-dma support during the recent rout. Energy’s double top suggest a reduction in energy weightings on any rally that fails at the 50-dma in the next few days. Rebalance risk in Healthcare (after a huge run-up), Technology, and Discretionary sectors by rebalancing back to original portfolio weightings.
Utilities – despite breaking the 50-dma last week, the overall trend for Utilities remains very bullish. Look for continued rotation into this sector if market volatility continues.
Telecommunications – with the new reshuffle in this sector could well see a pick up in volatility. There is no reason to add this sector to holdings right now as there simply isn’t enough data yet to determine much of anything from a trading perspective. We will watch this over the next couple of months to see how things develop.
Small-Cap and Mid Cap – the breakdown in small and mid-cap stocks suggest a broader change to the overall market complexion. Last week, both markets violated their 200-dma and their bullish trend lines from February of this year. Sell rallies back to the 200-dma and put stops at the recent lows.
Emerging and International Markets as I noted two weeks ago.
“Both sectors rallied a bit last week, providing an opportunity to reduce exposure for the time being and reallocate that capital to better performing areas. WHEN international and emerging markets begin to perform more positively we will add positions back to portfolios. There is just no reason to do so now.”
This past week, both markets collapsed to new lows. There still remains, since we recommended selling in January of this year, no reason to be long these sectors just yet. If we start to see real improvement, versus a bounce in a downtrend, we will reconsider our weightings.
Dividends, Market, and Equal Weight – The overall market dynamic appears to have changed last week. With the markets deeply oversold short-term look for a rally to reduce risk, rebalance weightings in portfolios, and raise some cash.
Gold – after repeated failures at the 50-dma, the metal finally found some life in the midst of the recent market meltdown. With Gold now extremely overbought short-term, use this rally to sell holdings if you are deeply underwater. From a trading perspective, IF, and this is a big if, Gold can hold the 50-dma on a pullback and turn higher, a rally to the 200-dma is feasible. Such would coincide with a much bigger sell-off in stocks.
Bonds – broke their near-term support at $114 triggering the stop loss on trading positions. However, we are now aggressively buying individual bonds at depressed prices and increasing yield in portfolios. All trading positions are currently closed.
The table below shows thoughts on specific actions related to the current market environment.
(These are not recommendations or solicitations to take any action. This is for informational purposes only related to market extremes and contrarian positioning within portfolios. Use at your own risk and peril.)
This past week was another example of just how fast and brutal sell-offs in the market can be. Importantly, while these sell-offs are brutal, we do not want to get emotionally swept up in the moment and “panic sell” a market low.
With the markets holding their 200-dma last week, and hitting 4-standard deviations below the 50-dma, a rare event, we want to give the markets an opportunity to trade back up to previous resistance next week.
Please review the “Checklist Summary Of Actions To Take” in the main missive above. We will be applying this rules to our portfolios as well.
- New clients: We are holding OFF on-boarding into our portfolio models until a better risk/reward opportunity emerges.
- Equity Model: All positions are being reviewed and positions that have violated stop levels will be sold to reduce portfolio risk.
- Equity/ETF blended – Same as with the equity model.
- ETF Model: We will reduce small and mid-cap holdings on any rally back toward the 50-dma.
- Option-Wrapped Equity Model – If the market rallies back to previous resistance levels, we will add a long-dated S&P 5oo put option to portfolios to hedge risk.
As we have repeatedly stated, we are well aware of the present risk. However, these violent declines are symptomatic of the liquidity issues posed by the massive surge in passive indexing.
As we have stated previously:
“This is why we ‘step’ into positions initially. Once a ‘trade’ begins to work as anticipated, it is then brought to the appropriate portfolio weight and becomes a long-term investment. We will unwind these actions either by reducing, selling, or hedging, if the market environment changes for the worse.”
This past week, it did.
THE REAL 401k PLAN MANAGER
The Real 401k Plan Manager – A Conservative Strategy For Long-Term Investors
There are 4-steps to allocation changes based on 25% reduction increments. As noted in the chart above a 100% allocation level is equal to 60% stocks. I never advocate being 100% out of the market as it is far too difficult to reverse course when the market changes from a negative to a positive trend. Emotions keep us from taking the correct action.
As I noted three weeks ago:
“With the move in portfolios back to full target allocations, there is not much for us to do right now except to remain on the lookout for the risks which could rapidly take away our performance…but I do want to note that the market is extremely extended above its longer-term trend lines and moving averages. Historically, short-term corrective processes like we saw in February are NOT uncommon.”
Then last week I specifically noted:
“However, with rates above 3%, there could be more angst as we move into next week. Also, given the deterioration in the breadth of performance, risk has risen in the short-term.”
Well, we got “angst.”
Importantly, there are some early indications that, as discussed in the main body of this missive, that things may have changed. But it is still way too early to tell.
With the markets VERY oversold, the best course of action going into next week is to WAIT AND SEE what happens.
However, as we have repeated over the last couple of weeks, use ANY rally next week to make sure your 401k plans are balanced. Use the following guidelines for now.
- If you are overweight equities – reduce international and emerging market exposure and add to domestic exposure if needed to bring portfolios in line to target weights.
- If you are underweight equities – Hold for the moment and let’s see if the market can stabilize.
- If you are at target equity allocations use rallies to rebalance risk in portfolios.
Unfortunately, 401k plans don’t offer a lot of flexibility and have trading restrictions in many cases. Therefore, we have to minimize our movement and try and make sure we are catching major turning points. Over the next couple of weeks, we will know for certain as to whether more changes need to be done to allocations as we head into the end of the year.
If you need help after reading the alert; don’t hesitate to contact me.
Current 401-k Allocation Model
The 401k plan allocation plan below follows the K.I.S.S. principle. By keeping the allocation extremely simplified it allows for better control of the allocation and a closer tracking to the benchmark objective over time. (If you want to make it more complicated you can, however, statistics show that simply adding more funds does not increase performance to any great degree.)
401k Choice Matching List
The list below shows sample 401k plan funds for each major category. In reality, the majority of funds all track their indices fairly closely. Therefore, if you don’t see your exact fund listed, look for a fund that is similar in nature.
Lance Roberts is a Chief Portfolio Strategist/Economist for RIA Advisors. He is also the host of “The Lance Roberts Podcast” and Chief Editor of the “Real Investment Advice” website and author of “Real Investment Daily” blog and “Real Investment Report“. Follow Lance on Facebook, Twitter, Linked-In and YouTube