“The stock market goes up 80% of the time, so why worry about the declines?”
Like a “bull” – rising markets tend to be steady, strong and durable. Conversely, “bear” markets are fast “mauling” events that leave you deeply wounded at best and dead at worst.
Yes, the majority of the time the markets are “bullish.” It’s the “math” that ultimately gets you during a “bear” market.
The real devastation caused by “bear market” declines are generally misunderstood because they tend to be related in terms of percentages. For example:
“Over the last 36-months, the market rose by 100%, but has recently dropped by 50%.”
See, nothing to worry as an investor would still be ahead by 50%, right?
Nope. A 50% decline wipes out 100% of the previous gain. This is why looking at things in terms of percentages is so misleading. A better way to examine bull and bear markets is in terms of points gained or lost.
Notice that in many cases going back to 1900, a large chunk of the previous gains were wiped out by the subsequent decline. (A function of valuations and mean reversions.)
Recently Upfina posted a great chart on “Bear Market Repo’s” which illustrates this point very well. To wit:
“Many confuse bear markets with being black swan events that cannot be predicted, however, this is a faulty approach to investing. The economy, market, and nature itself move in cycles. Neither a bear market nor a bull market last forever and are actually the result of one another. That is to say, a bear market is the author of a bull market and a bull market is an author of a bear market. Low valuations lead to increased demand, and high valuations lead to less demand.”
The only point I am attempting to make today is don’t “confuse the math.” A 30-50% decline from any level in the market is destructive not only to your current principal value both also your financial goals particularly as it relates to you investing time horizon.
Time is the only thing we can’t get back.
As Upfina concludes:
“The critical discipline to protect your portfolio through bull and bear markets is hedging. Hedging is when you start a position to avoid the risk of another position. The keyword when it comes to investing with the goal of minimizing risk is correlation. You want to buy assets with a low correlation to diversify against bear markets.
A few investments which typically do well in bear markets are cash, long-term U.S. treasuries, the volatility index, gold, shorting the stock market, shorting high yield bonds, and buying safe sectors such as telecommunications and utilities.”
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