As discussed in Is It Insanely Stupid To Chase Stocks, the market has gotten quite ahead of the fundamentals as money continues to chase performance. In the Q2-2020 review of Commitment Of Traders report (COT,) we can see how positioning has moved back to extremes.
The market remains in a bullish trend from the market lows but is very overbought short-term. Despite valuations reaching more extreme levels, economic growth very weak, and a risk of a reduction in stimulus; investors continue to chase markets.
While the S&P 500 is primarily driven higher by the largest 5-market capitalization companies, it is the Nasdaq that has now reached a more extreme deviation from its longer-term moving average.
Moving averages, especially longer-term ones, are like gravity. The further prices become deviated from long-term averages, the greater the “gravitational pull” becomes. An “average” requires prices to trade above and below the “average” level. The risk of a reversion grows with the size of the deviation.
The Nasdaq currently trades more than 23% above its 200-dma. The last time such a deviation existed was in February of this year. The Nasdaq also trades 3-standard deviations above the 200-dma, which is another extreme indication.
Such does not mean the market is about to crash. However, it does suggest the “rubber band” is stretched so tightly any minor disappointment could lead to a contraction in prices.
But it isn’t just the more extreme advance of the market over the past 8-weeks which has us a bit concerned in the short-term, but a series of other indications which typically suggest short- to intermediate-terms corrections in the market.
The “Greed” Factor
Market sentiment is back to more “extreme greed” levels. Unlike a pure “sentiment” based indicator, this gauge is a view of what investors are doing, versus what they are “feeling.”
The rapid acceleration in price has sent our technical composite gauge back towards extreme overbought levels as well. (Get this chart every week at RIAPRO.NET)
What we know is that markets move based on sentiment and positioning. Such makes sense considering that prices are affected by buyers and sellers’ actions at any given time. Most importantly, when prices, or positioning, become too “one-sided,” a reversion always occurs. As Bob Farrell’s Rule #9 states:
“When all experts agree, something else is bound to happen.”
So, how are traders positioning themselves currently?
The COT (Commitment Of Traders) data, which is exceptionally important, is the sole source of the actual holdings of the three key commodity-trading groups, namely:
- Commercial Traders: this group consists of traders that use futures contracts for hedging purposes and whose positions exceed the reporting levels of the CFTC. These traders are usually involved with the production and/or processing of the underlying commodity.
- Non-Commercial Traders: this group consists of traders that don’t use futures contracts for hedging and whose positions exceed the CFTC reporting levels. They are typically large traders such as clearinghouses, futures commission merchants, foreign brokers, etc.
- Small Traders: the positions of these traders do not exceed the CFTC reporting levels, and as the name implies, these are usually small traders.
The data we are interested in is the second group of Non-Commercial Traders.
This is the group that speculates on where they believe the market is headed. While you would expect these individuals to be “smarter” than retail investors, we find they are just as subject to “human fallacy” and “herd mentality” as everyone else.
Therefore, as shown in the charts below, we can look at their current net positioning (long contracts minus short contracts) to gauge excessive bullishness or bearishness.
The extreme net-short positioning against the volatility index was an excellent indicator of the February peak. The sharp sell-off in March, not surprisingly, sharply reduced the short-positions outstanding.
With the markets continuing to rally from the March lows, investors are again becoming encouraged to take on risk. Currently, net shorts on the VIX are rising sharply and are back to more extreme levels. While not as severe as seen in 2017 or 2020, the positioning is large enough to fuel a more significant correction. The only question is the catalyst.
Investors have gotten used to extremely low levels of volatility, which is unique to this market cycle. Due to low volatility, the complacency has encouraged investors to take on greater levels of risk than they currently realize. When volatility eventually makes it return, as we saw in March, the consequences will not be kind.
Crude Oil Extreme
The recent attempt by crude oil to get back above the 200-dma coincided with the Fed’s initiation of QE-4. Historically, these liquidity programs tend to benefit highly speculative positions like commodities, as liquidity seeks the highest rate of return.
While prices collapsed along with the economy in March, there has been a sharp reversion on expectations for a global economic recovery. Interestingly, with the economic recovery showing signs of slowing, crude oil has stalled below its 200-dma. As we discussed recently with our RIAPRO subscribers:
- The rally in oil has stalled at the 200-dma and the 50% Fibonacci retracement level.
- Importantly, the lower pane “buy/sell” signal is the most overbought in 25-years. (We see the same in many other areas of the market as well like Technology, Materials, Discretionary, Communications, Etc.) A correction is coming, and it will likely be large.
- There is currently little support for oil and a break of $35 will lead to a retest in the $20’s.
- Long-Term Positioning: Bearish
Despite the decline in oil prices earlier this year, it is worth noting crude oil positioning is still on the bullish side with 543,826 net long contracts. While not the highest level on record, it is definitely on the “extremely bullish” side.
Oil Leads Stocks & The Economy
Importantly, there is a decent correlation to the rise, and fall, of oil prices and the S&P 500 index. If oil begins to correct again, it will be in conjunction with an economic downturn. Stocks will follow suit.
As we wrote back in February:
“The inherent problem with this is that if crude oil breaks below $48/bbl, those long contracts will get liquidated. Such will likely push oil back into the low 40’s very quickly. The decline in oil is both deflationary and increases the risk of an economic recession.”
The rest, as they say, is history.
U.S. Dollar Extreme
Another index we track each week at RIAPRO.NET is the U.S. Dollar.
- As noted previously: “The dollar has rallied back to that all-important previous support line. IF the dollar can break back above that level, and hold, then commodities, and oil, will likely struggle.
- That is precisely what happened over the last two weeks. The dollar has strengthened that rally as concerns over the “coronavirus” persist. With the dollar close to testing previous highs, a break above that resistance could result in a sharp move higher for the dollar.
- The rising dollar is not bullish for oil, commodities or international exposures.
- The “sell” signal has begun to reverse. Pay attention.
Much of the bulls rallying cry has been based on the dollar weakening with the onset of QE. However, over the last couple of months, the long-dollar bias has reverted to a net “short” positioning. Historically, these reversals are markers of more important peaks in the market, and subsequent corrections.
Interest Rate Extreme
One of the biggest conundrums for the financial market “experts” is why interest rates fail to rise. In March of last year, I wrote “The Bond Bull Market” which was a follow up to our earlier call for a sharp drop in rates as the economy slowed. We based that call on the extreme “net-short positioning” in bonds which suggested a counter-trend rally was likely.
Since then, rates fell to the lowest levels in history as economic growth collapsed. Importantly, while the Federal Reserve turned back on the “liquidity pumps” in March, juicing markets back toward all-time highs, bonds have continued to attract money for “safety” over “risk.”
Not surprisingly, despite much commentary to the contrary, the number of contracts “net-short” the 10-year Treasury, while reduced, remains at levels that have preceded further declines in rates. Such suggests we are “not out of the woods” yet, economically speaking.
Importantly, even while the “net-short” positioning in bonds has reversed, rates have failed to rise correspondingly. The reason for this is due to rising levels of Eurodollar positioning. Such is due to foreign banks pushing reserves into U.S. Treasuries for “safety” and “yield.”
There is a probability for rates to fall in the months ahead coinciding with further deterioration in economic growth.
Amazingly, investors seem to be residing in a world without any perceived risks and a strong belief that financial markets can only rise further. The arguments supporting those beliefs are based on comparisons to previous peak market cycles. Unfortunately, investors tend to be wrong at market peaks and bottoms.
With retail positioning very long-biased, the implementation of QE-4 has once again removed all “fears” of a correction, recession, or bear market. Historically, such sentiment excesses form around short-term market peaks.
Such is a excellent time to remind you of the other famous “Bob Farrell Rule” to remember:
“#5 – The public buys the most at the top and the least at the bottom.”
What investors miss is that while a warning doesn’t immediately translate into a negative consequence, such doesn’t mean you should not pay attention to it.
As I concluded in our recent newsletter:
“There remains an ongoing bullish bias that continues to support the market near-term. Bull markets built on ‘momentum’ are very hard to kill. Warning signs can last longer than logic would predict. The risk comes when investors begin to ‘discount’ the warnings and assume they are wrong.
It is usually just about then the inevitable correction occurs. Such is the inherent risk of ignoring risk.'”
The cost of not paying attention to risk can be extraordinarily high.
Lance Roberts is a Chief Portfolio Strategist/Economist for RIA Advisors. He is also the host of “The Lance Roberts Podcast” and Chief Editor of the “Real Investment Advice” website and author of “Real Investment Daily” blog and “Real Investment Report“. Follow Lance on Facebook, Twitter, Linked-In and YouTube
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